Monday, April 26, 2010

Daily Beast's Peter Beinart suggests uterus check for female SCOTUS nominees

In an article in today's Daily Beast, writer Peter Beinart suggests:

And that's why it's important not just to have lots of women in positions of political power, but to have lots of women with kids. It's important because otherwise, the message you're sending young women is that they can achieve professionally, or they can have a family, but they can't do both. And without quite realizing it, that is the message our government has been sending. According to the Census Bureau, 80 percent of American women over the age of 40 have children. But look at the women who have held Cabinet posts in the last three presidential administrations. Only two of the Clinton administration's five female Cabinet secretaries had kids. (Attorney General Janet Reno got her job only after two women with children, Zoƫ Baird and Kimba Wood, were dinged for hiring illegal immigrants as nannies). In the Bush administration, the figure was two of seven. In the Obama administration, so far, it is two of four. And if Obama chooses Elena Kagan for the High Court, the figure there will be one of three.

There's nothing wrong, of course, with appointing childless women (or men, for that matter) to high office. But our government is actually doing a pretty good job of providing role models for the 20 percent of American women who don't want kids. Where it's failing is in providing role models for the 80 percent that do. Read more...

Uh...hold on there, Sparky. Society does a good job of providing role models for the 20 percent of American women who don't want kids? Really? A lot of child-free women beg to differ. Whatever else women choose to do with their lives, that they will become mothers is more than expected, it is demanded. Motherhood remains the litmus test by which society judges a woman's...womanhood. No matter how professionally successful a woman may matter how vibrant her social matter how engaged she is with friends and family, if she is not a mother, society is suspicious of her happiness, well-adjustedness, and her ability to love and nurture.

Don't believe me? One need only take a quick look at the celebrity stage, for an example of how women and motherhood are viewed differently than men and fatherhood. Tabloids would have you believe that George Clooney is a rakish, dashing, bachelor; Jennifer Anniston is barren, sad sack.

A woman who is not a mother must be deficient or surely some man would have deigned to impregnate her; she would have been chosen to carry some man's seed. Perhaps she is not nurturing. Perhaps she is cold. Perhaps she is neurotic. Perhaps she is selfish. Perhaps she is too preoccupied with her career and has made some Faustian bargain to forgo being a mother if only God will grant her a starring role in a 90s sitcom and a haircut that enters the pop culture lexicon. A woman could never be child free by choice. There must be something wrong. Society is certain that some deficiency leads a woman to be without children, and similarly, that a woman's life can have no substance without children in it. Beinart offers an example when he shares Ed Rendell's assessment of Janet Napolitano:

Compare that to Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell's comment after Barack Obama nominated Janet Napolitano to head the Homeland Security Department. "Janet's perfect for that job," Rendell quipped. "Because for that job, you have to have no life. Janet has no family. Perfect. She can devote, literally, 19 to 20 hours a day to it." kids equals no life for women. We alone are judged by whether or not we procreate. And though Beinart claims to want to show young women that it is possible to have both professional success and children--a worthy goal--he aims to do it by subjecting female candidates for SCOTUS to the same, tired evaluation of their reproductive choices.

It is indeed strange that a society that genuflects to mommyhood doesn't make it easier for mommies (and I say "mommies" not "parents," because working mothers still carry most of the burden for child and home care). You know what might convince women who make the choice to be mothers than they can juggle both family and career?

- If today's mothers and fathers began raising their sons with the expectation of assuming equal responsibility for childcare
- If a year's paid parental leave was mandatory in the United States
- If society deemed it acceptable for a man to be a stay-at-home husband
- If childcare workers and teachers received pay equal to the importance of their jobs
- If women of childbearing age were not seen as a liability by potential employers
- If working fathers like Beinart took equal responsibility for the care of their children (and Beinart might well do this)

That there are slightly more non-moms in positions of power does not mean that society accepts or supports these women's right not to reproduce. Indeed, childless women continue to be marginalized in a patriarchal society. A young woman will receive far more societal support for choosing to have a career and family than for choosing not to have a family at all. The problem is not that women without children are getting too many extra goodies, too many shots at the brass ring. The problem isn't that working mothers don't have enough role models to demonstrate that they can have it all. The problem is that for all our superficial obsession with "baby bumps" and our pledges that "the children are the future," we aren't willing to walk the walk. We don't support women in having it all. We fail to back up our supposed belief in families with legislation and societal values that truly establish successful nurturing of the next generation as a priority. (I can pretty much guarantee that our "family values" friends on the right would be the first to rail against any sort of strengthened parental leave or socialized childcare.)

Beinart says:

Obviously, the problems that women face balancing work and family won't disappear just because Obama picks someone like Diane Wood (three children and three stepchildren) for the High Court. But choosing Wood would send the message that women can have kids and still reach the apex of their profession. That's a message that I'd like my working wife—and our 2-year-old daughter—to hear.

Working mothers don't need a hollow symbol on the Supreme Court. They sure as hell don't need more sacrifice for their childless sisters or for women's reproductive choices to be further scrutinized. The very idea seems facile and presumptuous. (In Beinart's argument, there is an assumption that women choose not to have children solely to better their careers. There is also an assumption that fathers should not be expected to advocate for better support for working families.)

What working families need is ACTION--in the Court and Congress and the White House and the board room and our homes--and not at the expense of childless women.


windy city girl said...

"What working families need is ACTION--in the Court and Congress and the White House and the board room and our homes--and not at the expense of childless women."

Yes, but it's SO much easier to advocate for - as you so aptly put it - hollow symbols. Those don't require changes in the status quo.

As usual, excellent post!

Kelly Hogaboom said...

As women we get it coming and going. I *am* an example of a professional woman who had a family and I was punished for doing so in a myriad number of ways rather exhausting to list. My husband and his status, employer's opinion of him, paycheck, scrutiny of motives? Entirely unscathed.

Our language is still constantly "mommy" and "women" this and that. Men are still not required in the conversation nor are they held responsible for the hostile workplace or the corporate policies or their continued ass-out in "help" at home (why is it women do the work and men "help" with the work I wonder?).

Let me cut my rant short before it spirals out of control.

Thank you for an excellent article.

blind irish pirate said...

The problem is that for all our superficial obsession with "baby bumps" and our pledges that "the children are the future," we aren't willing to walk the walk. We don't support women in having it all. We fail to back up our supposed belief in families with legislation and societal values that truly establish successful nurturing of the next generation as a priority.

YES. Oh, my gosh.

D'Ven said...

Yes, yes, and YES! I get so tired of the useless symbols, of the pressure to procreate, of the constant invalidation of my choices as not womanly (even from OTHER WOMEN), from the frightening realization that I may be forced to make choices that I would never want to make (i.e. sacrifice family for career, or vice versa). Of the fact that a former employer regularly gets lauded as one of the 100 best places to work for women, when it's still the same old same old: women who advance in the money makers either don't have kids or have them late in life (and pay another woman in the form of a nanny to provide the majority of care), and the women with families are in the administrative and other less prestigious parts of the company. Family leave is codespeak for time off for women, and women aren't given the same opportunities that men are, even if they do not have children. This is an average company, and it speaks to how big the problem is. We need bigger changes and more people (especially men as advocates) working to change that.

Rochelle said...

I long ago figured that marriage and children just aren't for me, and since then people have been on me about it. Some even go so far as to suggest that me not wanting to be a wife or mother is why I'm depressed and self-harm. I don't have a mental illness, I'm just suppressing my biologically-hard wired, God-given desire for babies.

DaisyDeadhead said...

This is a great rant, but I still think we are fucked regardless of what we do. I mean, Jessica Lange has two kids and two Oscars and has been w/hot dudes like Sam Shephard and Mikhail Baryshnikov, and what did they talk about at the last Academy Awards? Her fat arms. HER FAT ARMS. I mean, I read at least two show-biz blogs that didn't even mention her Oscars--but... those grossly "untoned" arms!!!! (One columnist actually gave her advice on doing weight-training exercises...and I am thinking, she has two Oscars, you asshole... what have YOU done?)

I still think looks is everything... and perhaps, motherhood is second. (and don't forget the combination: How good do you look after having X number of kids? The standard we are judged by is Tina Turner and Demi Moore--if they can pop out kids and stay hot, so can you!)

But you have me thinking, once again... I hadn't thought about some of these dynamics in just this way, and thanks so much!

Note: interesting analysis of the pop-narrative Anniston, particularly as she is frequently juxtaposed (in the media) with the 2nd Mrs Pitt, who is busy playing Our Lady of The Third World (yes, I know, that was nasty) and taking in every orphan from here to Madagascar...

BTW, did you see Up in the Air? After seeing that, I was genuinely sorry for Clooney (who I felt was playing a character very close to his actual self). It's notable I haven't seen any other movie remotely like it, though.

estraven said...

I got here via Kate Harding's Shapely prose. Excellent article!

snobographer said...

Men need to STFU about what women deal with and what they need to do about it.

Punup said...

"Men need to STFU..."

So much for respecting persons regardless of their gender. Ever wonder where the idea that feminists are man-haters comes from?

As far as respecting men who are stay at home dads, would that come at the same time that feminists start respecting women who are stay at home moms?

Anonymous said...

@ Punup - the "men need to stfu" was in reference to the original article this blog post critiques. Many times, men (particularly writers and other media producers) write long articles about Women, what They think women need, and what They think Women should do without actually EVER speaking to (or, more importantly, LISTENING to) an actual Woman. They Mansplain, over and over, as the original article mansplains why the next SCOTUS candidate may have to pass the functioning uterus litmus to be deemed a "real" or "true" woman worthy of the court AND how he thinks this will convince the 20% childless to join the "True" Woman club only accessed through reproduction.

The other commentor was NOT saying that "All" men need to stfu, just this particular writer mainsplaining.

And please point out where anyone has disrespected SAHM's. Socialized day care, paid parental leave, and teaching boys and men that they need to do their part in raising their children benefits ALL Women, including SAHM's.

SMann said...

I love this blog entry! I read Beinart's article the other day and it so bothered me that I was going to try to go back and see if I could comment on it. I would have said just what you said. I completely agree: how ridiculous to imagine that just appointing more mothers to positions of power will solve the problem. Nope. It goes way deeper than that. It goes to our country's total lack of social safety net (in the form of state-sponsored childcare, adequate maternal and paternal leave policies, social expectations of men's work inside the home, etc.). Change that stuff, and you'll start to see more moms get into the game.

Anonymous said...


I would never look at women in politics or in power and think about whether or not she has kids. Its not what they are there for.

He takes too much for granted. Why should a woman take on more than she can manage?

Anonymous said...

@ Punup
Do not jump to conclusions because you hear something that "sounds offensive". You just went and made her post again about what should be obvious to anyone about the article.


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